形容词的原级: 形容词的原级形式就是词典中出现的形容词的原形。 例如: poor tall great glad bad
形容词的比较级和最高级: 形容词的比较级和最高级形式是在形容词的原级形式的基础上变化的。 分为规则变化和不规则变化。
1) 单音节形容词的比较级和最高级形式是在词尾加 -er 和 -est 构成。
great (原级) (比较级) (最高级)
2) 以 -e 结尾的单音节形容词的比较级和最高级是在词尾加 -r 和 -st 构成。
wide (原级) (比较级) (最高级)
3)少数以-y, -er, -ow, -ble结尾的双音节形容词的比较级和最高级是在词尾加 -er 和 -est 构胡橡成。
clever(原级) (比较级) (最高级)
4) 以 -y 结尾,但 -y 前是辅音字辩改母的形容词的比裤灶旁较级和最高级是把 -y 去掉,加上 -ier 和-est 构成.
happy (原形) (比较级) (最高级)
5) 以一个辅音字母结尾其前面的元音字母发短元音的形容词的比较级和最高级是双写该辅音字母然后再加 -er和-est。
big (原级) (比较级) (最高级)
6) 双音节和多音节形容词的比较级和最高级需用more 和 most 加在形容词前面来构成。
beautiful (原级)? (比较级) (比较级)
difficult (原级) (最高级) (最高级)
far------farther, further------farthest, furthest
形容词前如加 less 和 least 则表示"较不"和"最不"
important 重要 less important 较不重要 least important 最不重要
主语+谓语(系动词)+ 形容词比较级+than+ 对比成分。 也就是, 含有形容词比较级的主句+than+从句。注意从句常常省去意义上和主句相同的部分, 而只剩下对比的成分。
Our teacher is we are. 我们老师的个子比我们的高。
It is today than it was yesterday. 今天的天气比昨天暖和。
This picture is than that one. 这张照片比那张照片漂亮。
This meeting is than that one. 这次会议不如那次会议重要。
The sun is than the moon. 太阳比月亮大得多。
She is student her class. 她是班上最好的学生。
Shanghai is one of cities China. 上海是中国最大城市之一。
This is apple I have ever met. 这是我见到的最大的苹果。
Tom is boy in his basketball team. 汤姆是他们篮球队中个子最高的孩子。
1. This box is___ that one.
A. heavy than B. so heavy than
C. heavier as D. as heavy as
2 When we speak to people, we should be ' .
A. as polite as possible B. as polite as possibly
C. as politely as possible D. as politely as possibly
3 This book is____ that one, but____ than that one.
A. as difficult as; expensive
B. as more difficult as; more expensive
C. as difficult as; more expensive
D. more difficult as; as expensive
4 I think the story is not so ___ as that one.
A. interesting B. interested C. more interesting D. most interesting
5 His father began to work____ he was seven years old.
A. as old as B. as early as C. since D. while
1. I think science is _ than Japanese.
A. much important B. important C. much more important D. more much important
( ) 2 This pencil is___ than that one.
^. longest B. long C. longer D. as long
( ) 3 My mother is no ___ young.
A. shorter B. longer C. little D. few
( ) 4 These children are ____ this year than they were last year.
A. more tall B. more taller C. very taller D. much taller
( ) 5 It was very hot yesterday, but it is___ today.
A. even hotter B. more hotter
C. much more hot D. much hot
6. Mrs Black has got____ instead of getting any better.
A. more bad B. a little worse C. much badly D. a lot of worse
( ) 1 When we arrived, we found the meeting room crowded with___ students.
A. quite a few B. only a few C. few D. a few quite
2 The house is small for a family of six.
A. much too B. too much C. very much D.so
3 Through the window we can see nothing but ____ buildings.
A. tall very many B. very many tall C. very tall many D. many very tall
4 -What's your brother like?
A. a driver B. very tall C. my friend D. at school
5 The jacket was so___ that he decided to buy it. ,
A. much B. little C. expensive D. cheapl
6 Our classroom is____ larger than theirs.
A. more B. quite C. very D. much
( ) 1 The earth is about____ as the moon.
A. as fifty time big B. fifty times as big C. as big fifty times D. fifty as times big
( ) 2 Your room is mine.
A. twice as large than B. twice the size of
C. bigger twice than D. as twice large as
( ) 3 Your room is ___ than mine.
A. three time big B. three times big C. three times bigger D. bigger three times
( ) 4 His father is____than his mother. ;
A. older four years B. as four years older C. four years older D. bigger four years
( ) 1 Maths is more popular than____.
A. any other subject B. all the subjects C. any subject D. other subject
( ) 2 China is larger than ____ in Africa (^W).
A. any other country B. other countries C. the other country J 1%D. any country
( ) 3 Tom is stronger than ___ in his class.
A. any other boy B. any boys C. any boy D. other boy
( ) 1 When spring comes, it gets____.
A. warm and warm B. colder and colder C. warmer and warmer D. shorter and shorter
) 2 By and by, ____ students in our class came to like English. A. more and more B. much and much C. many and many D. less and least
) 3 At last he began to cry ___.
A. hard and hard B. more hard and more hard C. harder and harder D. less hard and less harder
) 4 When spring comes the days get ____ and nights ____.
A. short; long B. long; short C. longer; shorter D. shorter; longer
1___ I look at the picture, ____ I like it.
A. The best; the more B. The more; the less
C. The more; less D. More; the more
2 ___ he read the book, ____ he got in it. A. The more; the more interesting
B. The less; the more interesting C. The more; the more interested D. More; more interested 3 ___ you come back, _____ it will be.
A, The quicker; the best B. The sooner; the better C. Faster; the better D. The sooner; better
1 I like___ one of the two books.
A. the older B. oldest C. the oldest D. older
( )2 Which is___country, China or Japan?
A. the large B. the larger C. larger D. largest
( ) 3 Of the two cups, he bought .
A. the smaller B. the smallest C. small D: smaller
( ) 1 Which do you like ___, tea or coffee?
A. well B. better C. best D. most
( ) 2 This work is ____ for me than for you.
A. difficult B. most difficult
C. much difficult D. more difficult
( ) 3 Which do you think tastes ____, the chicken or the fish?
A. good B. better C. best D. well
( ) 4 The Great Pyramid is about 137 metres high today, but it was once
A. higher B. highest C. high too D. more high
( ) 5 Don't you think it ______ not to write the letter?
A^^ A. well , B. better C. best D. good
( ) 1 Who jumped____of all?
A. far B. farther C. farthest D. the most far
( ) 2 Li Lei is___ student in our class.
A. tall B. taller C. tallest D. the tallest
( ) 3 The fifth orange is____ of all. Give it to that small child.
A. big B. bigger C. the bigger D. the biggest
( )4 Who is---of you three?
A. the oldest B. much older C. oldest D. older
( ) 1 Tom is one of ____ boys in our class.
A. tallest B. taller C. the tallest B. the tall
( ) 2 English is one of____ spoken in the world.
A. the important languages B. the most important languages C. most important language D. the most important language
( ) 3 Beijing is one of____ in China.
A. the largest city r '; B. the large cities C. the larger cities D. the largest cities
1. Most of the woods ____ been taken good care of.
A. are B. is C. has D. have
2 ___ like playing football and watching TV.
A. Most boys B. Most of they C. Most boy D. More of they
3 ___ are here watering the flowers here.
A. Some B. Some of the boys C. Some boy D. Some of boys
4 ___ haven't been to American.
A. Most them B. Most they C. More of them D. Most of them
1 ___ is more beautiful than roses.
A. No other flower B. No another flower
C. Not other flower D. Not all flowers
2 The tree is ___ in the garden.
A. the taller B. the tallest
C. taller than of-all D. tall.
3 Mary studies harder in her class.
A. as any one B. than any other girl C. than the other D. than anyone
1 Which is___, Li Lei or Wu Tong?
A. strong B. strongest C. stronger D. the strongest
2 Which language is____, English, French or Japanese? A. easy B. the most easy C. the easiest o D. much more easy
3 Which is____interesting, science, maths or English?
A. more B. the most C. very D. too
4 Which city is____, Beijing, Shanghai or Fuzhou? A. beautiful B. more beautiful C. much more beautiful D. the most beautiful
5 Which month is____, June, July or August?
A. hot B. hotter C. hottest D. the hottest
1 Do you have ____ to tell us?
A. something new B. new something C. anything new D. new anything
2 Mike, I have____to tell you.
A. important something B. important anything C. something important , D. anything important
3 There is ___ in today's newspaper.
A. interesting something B. nothing interesting C. interesting anything D. anything interesting
4 -Is Mrs Brown badly ill?
-No, ____. Only a little cold.
A. quite well B. nothing serious C. not worry D. anything serious
) 5 Come here, I have____ to tell you.
A. interesting something B. anything interesting C. nothing interesting D. something interesting
( ) 1. I'm not ___ to lift the heavy box.
A. short enough B. enough tall C. health enough D. strong enough
( ) 2 The girl works hard ___ to pass the exam.
A. enough B. too C. still D. yet
( ) 3 He has____ to think it over. . A. many time B. times C. time enough D, enough time
( ) 1 "Do you want____
A. else anything B. anything else C. other anything D. else something
( ) 2 Have you seen ___ in the room?
A. anyone else B. else anyone C. anyone other D. everyone else
( ) 3 ___ would like to go to the park with me?
A. Whom else B. What else C. Who else D. Else who
( ) 1 Wei Fang is only six, but she speaks English____ her mother. A. as good as B. as better as C. as well as D. as best as
( ) 2 She was sick yesterday, but she is____ to go to school today. A. enough good B. good enough C. enough well D. well enough
( ) 3 This kind of book is-______ for the children to read.
A. enough well ' B. enough good C. well enough D. good enough ) 4 -Are you feeling ____?
-Yes, I'm fine now.
A. quite good B. quite better C. any well D. any better ) 5 This shirt is no good. That one is even
A. better B. worse C. well D. worst
( ) 1 We have never seen___ interesting films.
A. such B. such an C. so D. such a
( ) 2 Don't read :' books ___ you can't understand.
A. as; such B. such; as C. same; as D. as; as
( ) 3 This is____ book___ I'd like to read once more.
A. such an interesting; that B. so interesting; that C. such an interesting; as D. a so interesting; as
( ) 4 We haven't seen ____ play.
A. so wonderful B. a so wonderful C. such wonderful D. such a wonderful
( ) 1 I am twelve; Mike is fourteen; Mary is thirteen.
So Mike is the ___ of the three.
A. old B. older C. oldest D. the oldest
( ) 2 My ____ brother is three years ____ than I.
A. elder; elder B. older; oldest C. elder; older D. older; elder
( ) 3 His ____ son often go to see him on Sunday.
A. eldest B. older
C. the eldest D. the older ( ) 4 He is two years ___ than I.
A. elder B. smaller C. younger D. less
1 . 1-5 D A C A B 16. 1-3 D A D
2. 1-6 C C B D A B 17. 1-3 B A C
3. 1-6 A A D B D D 18. 1-5 C D D D B
4. 1-4 B B C C 19. 1-4 A B A D
5. 1-3 A D A 20. 1-4 C C A C
6. 1-4 D A C C
7. 1-3 B C B
8. 1-3 A B A
9 .1-5 B D B A B
10. 1-6 C D C D D A
11. 1-3 C B D
12. 1-4 C A B D
13. 1-3 A B B
14. 1-5 C C B D D
15. 1-5 C C B B D
口诀:一者比较用原级,比较级限二者比,三者三者往上比,最高级的用法起;若甲乙程度相同,as…as结构体;若甲某方面不及乙, not so/as…as来担起;中间形、副连接要切记!
例:1、--our English is very good.
——But my brother learns it much______than I do.(’97山东)
A. good B.well C. better D. best
【析】在英语中,a little,a lot,much,even等词可以用来修饰形容词或
2.Don‘t worry. Your granny will get_______ (’98昆明)
A.well and well B.better and better
C.well and better D.good and well
3.China is one of________ in the world.(‘98山西)
A.the oldest country B.the oldest countries
C.much older country D.much older countries
4.The girl doesn’t run________ the boy.(‘98广州)
A. much faster as B. as faster as
C. more fast than D. so fast as
5.LiLei writes ______ of all the students in our class.
A. more carefully B. the most careful C. more careful D. most carefully
熟练掌握形容词、副词比较等级的构成和good, well, many, much 等不规则变化。
初步掌握用much, a little等副词修饰比较等级的用法
1. -Which is ____ season in Beijing?(2003年)
-I think it's autumn.
A.good B.better C.best D.the best
2. - Which is__________ , the sun, the moon or the earth?(2004年)
-- Of course, the moon is.
A.small B.smaller C.smallest D.the smallest
解析：正确答案为D。该题的核心词在第一句句尾，"the sun, the moon or the earth",提问的对象为三者，应该选择最高级。
3. The air in Beijing is getting much _____ now than a few years ago.(2005年)
A. clean B. cleaner C. cleanest D. the cleanest
4. Mobile phones are very popular now and they are _____ than before.(2005年)
A. cheap B. cheaper C. cheapest D. the cheapest
I study English as hard as my brother. 我同我兄弟一样学习努力。
This river is twice as long as that one. 这条河的长度是那条河的两倍。
Smoking is so harmful to personal health that it kills people each year seven times more than automobile accidents. 吸烟对人体健康危害如此之大以致于由它所导致的人口死亡是其他事故的7倍之多。
1 Who / Which + be +比较级 , A or B ?
Who is taller, Tom or John?
Which is more expensive, a bicycle or a computer?
2 ~ + be + the 比较级 + of the two. (两个之中比较…的那一个，~包含在两个之中)
Tom is the taller of the two. = Tom is taller than the other boy.
3 much / a lot / even / far + 比较级
A compute is much more expensive than a bicycle. 计算机比自行车贵多了。
4 "The+形容词比较级..., the+形容词比较级...", 表示 " 越... 就越..."。
The more you study, the more you know. 你学的越多, 就知道的越多。
5 " 形容词比较级 + and + 形容词比较级 ", 表示 " 越来越... "。
The computer is cheaper and cheaper. 计算机越来越便宜。
1 Who / Which + be +最高级, A, B, or C ?
Who is the tallest, Tom, Jack, or David? Tom, Jack与David三个人中谁最高？
Which is the most expensive, a bicycle, a motorcycle, or a car? 自行车，摩托车和汽车，哪一个最贵？
2 ~ + be + one of the +最高级 +复数名词, 表示"最……的……之一"。
The Yellow River is one of the longest rivers in China. 黄河是中国最长的河流之一。
3 "…+ be +the + 序数词 +最高级 +单数名词 + 范围", 表示"……是…….的第几……"。
She is the second tallest student in our class. 她是我们班第二高的学生。
4 ~ + be + the 最高级 ~ that 某人 have/ has ever + 过去分词.
This is the most interesting book that I have ever read.这是我看过的最有趣的书
在英语中通常用早历下列方式表示的词：在形容词或副词前加more(如 more natural,more clearly )或加后缀 -er(newer,sooner )。典型的是指形容词或副词所表示的质、量或关系的增加。
构 成 法 原 级 比 较 级 最 高 级
① 一般单音节词末尾加�er 和 �est strong stronger strongest
② 单音节词如果以�e结尾，只加�r 和�st strange stranger strangest
③ 闭音节单音节词如末尾只有 一个辅音字母，
⑤ 其他双音节和多音节词都在前面加单词more和most different more
1) The most high 〔A〕 mountain in 〔B〕 the world is Mount Everest， which is situated 〔C〕 in Nepal and is
twenty�nine thousand one hundred and fourty one feet high 〔D〕 .
2) This house is spaciouser 〔A〕 than that 〔B〕 white 〔C〕 one I bought in Rapid City， South Dakota 〔D〕 last year.
3) Research in the social 〔A〕 sciences often proves difficulter 〔B〕 than similar 〔C〕 work in the physical 〔D〕 sciences.
只能说 more beautiful而不能说beautifuller; 只能说the most beautiful而不能说beautifullest。
more(most) striking, more(most) interesting, more(most) wounded, more(most)worn等。
4) The drawings 〔A〕 of the old masters 〔B〕 are among the treasuredest 〔C〕 works in museums 〔D〕 .
absolute fatal main right universal
chief final naked simulta- utter
entire foremost perfect neous vital
eternal inevitable possible sufficient whole
excellent infinite primary supreme wooden
well →better →best
much →more →most
badly →worse →worst
little →less →least 但是，开放类副词即以后缀�ly结尾的副词不能像形容词那样加�er或�est，如
quickly →more quickly →most quickly quietly →more quietly →most quietly
原级 比较级 最高级
strong强 stronger较强 strongest最强
原级 比较级 最高级
young年轻 younger较陪氏年轻 youngest最年轻
old老 older较老 oldest最老
clean干净 cleaner较干净 cleanest最干净
small, smaller, smallest
large, larger, largest
busy, busier, busiest
big, bigger, biggest
b. 其他词都在前面加more, most构成比较级及最高级：
原级 比较级 最高级
important more important most important
difficult more difficult most difficult
interesting more interesting most interesting
useful more useful most useful
His room is bigger than mine. 他的房间比我的房间大。
She is younger than my sister. 她比我妹妹年轻。 赞同0| 评论